Compensating Service Members and Establishing Rules and Procedures for Ethical Matters

CADETS Act (S 467) – This bipartisan bill was introduced on Feb. 16 by Sen. Gary Peters (D-MI). The purpose of this bipartisan bill is to change the age requirements (previously limited to age 25 and younger) for the Student Incentive Payment Program. This program provides financial support to cadets of state maritime academies who enlist or commission in the Navy Reserve at the time of their graduation. The bill passed in the Senate on March 29 and in the House on June 14. It was enacted on June 30.

Veterans’ Compensation Cost-of-Living Adjustment Act of 2023 (S 777) – This bipartisan bill, which was signed into law on June 14, requires the Department of Veterans Affairs to increase the amount of wartime disability compensation by the same percentage as the cost-of-living increase benefits for Social Security recipients, effective on Dec. 1, 2023. The bill also authorizes a similar adjustment to compensation for people who have not received compensation for a service-connected disability or death. The bipartisan bill was introduced by Sen. Jon Tester (D-MT) on March 14.

Fiscal Year 2023 Veterans Affairs Major Medical Facility Authorization Act (S 30) – This Act authorizes the development of and funding for major medical facility projects by Department of Veterans Affairs during this fiscal year. The bill was introduced by Sen. Jon Tester (D-MT) on Jan. 24. The legislation was passed in the Senate on March 21, in the House on June 20, and was signed into law by President Biden on July 18.

Modification to Department of Defense Travel Authorities for Abortion-Related Expenses Act of 2023 (S 822) – Introduced by Sen. Joni Ernst (R-IA) on March 15, this bill would reverse the Pentagon’s new policy of paying for travel if a military service member goes outofstate for access to reproductive health care. The new rule was in response to recent state laws that functionally banned abortion in locations where military bases are located. Support for the Act is generally split among partisan lines, with Republicans advocating and Democrats opposing. A similar bill has been introduced in the House. The Senate bill is currently under committee review.

Disclosing Foreign Influence in Lobbying Act (S 829) – This bill was introduced in the House by Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-IA) on March 16. It mandates that registered lobbyists must disclose their relationship with any foreign countries or political parties involved in the direction, planning, supervision or control of the lobbyist’s activities. This bipartisan bill (co-sponsored by four Democrats, two Republicans and one Independent) passed in the Senate on June 22. It has been forwarded to the House for consideration.

Supreme Court Ethics, Recusal and Transparency Act of 2023 (S 359) – This Act is designed to strengthen the code of ethics to restrain inappropriate activities of U.S. Supreme Court Justices. Provisions of the bill include expanding circumstances under which a judge must be disqualified; adopting rules for the disclosure of gifts, travel and income received by the justices and law clerks; and establishing procedures to receive and investigate complaints of judicial misconduct. The bill was introduced on Feb. 9 by Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) and is awaiting a formal report out of committee.

AI Disclosure Act of 2023 (HR 3831) – This legislation, introduced on June 5 by Rep. Ritchie Torres (D-NY), would require that any content produced by AI (which includes ChatGPT) be accompanied by a disclaimer that reads: “This output has been generated by artificial intelligence.” The bill has yet to be assigned to committee for review.